LA in the News: Bolivian Presidential Election

After the Bolivian presidential elections on October 20th, a dissatisfied and angered population has continuously protested against the results since results were released.

Morales, having served as the Bolivian president since 2006, has been announced the winner of the most recent presidential election with 47.08% of the vote, a very close victory compared to the results of his opponent, Mesa, who reportedly received 35.51% of the vote. In order to advance without a reelection, candidates must receive 10% or more of the popular vote; therefore, Morales led with only a 11.57% lead.

President Evo Morales attends a rally in El Alto, Bolivia Oct. 28, 2019.

After the announcement of election results, Mesa argued publicly that there was a form of “fraud” through the Bolivia’s Supreme Electoral Tribunal’s work through calculating votes after the Preliminary Electoral Results transmission was suspended when the received results that were reported stopped at 83.7%.

In response to Mesa’s claim, the Bolivian Supreme Electoral Tribune defended the pause in results stating that, “the remaining percentage corresponded to rural votes, over which immediate figures cannot be applied”.

Citizens who oppose the results have since been in protest as a way to express themselves throughout the country. Protesting methods from Mesa’s supporters have included barricading doors, windows but as well supporters of Morales have since blocked highways and set off fireworks.

People shout slogans as supporters of MAS party of President Evo Morales and supporters of opposition candidate Carlos Mesa of Citizen Community party gather in front of the official electoral computing center in La Paz, Bolivia, October 21, 2019.

Protestors block a road in La Paz, Bolivia, on Monday.

The Vice President of Bolivia, Alvaro Garcia Linera, on Tuesday has announced that due to allegations and suspicions from Mesa and others, international sources including Perú, Paraguay, Organization of American States and other nations will be inspecting the voting results.

Class Notes (Friday, September 27th)

Gender and Sexuality in the Cuban Revolution

Midterm Question:

How to define terms – can examples be used?

  • Yes, examples can be used; clarity is key!

E-mail Prof. Holt ASAP if you want to work on a Wiki article that isn’t on her list

  • make sure to give the exact article title!

Rosh Hashanah

  • if celebrating, e-mail Prof. Holt your HAP

Alumna event

  • 9/30 @ 4 PM in Kauke 137
  • G&IS/IR major talking about careers in global public service
  • There will be desserts!

Historical Questions:

What is social history?

  • study of history that focuses on social effects of individuals that don’t have as much as a “say” or stance in well-known history
  • Allows for lesser-known perspectives to be known

Dr. Guerra’s “Why I Am a Historian”

Link to article:

Ideal revolutionary Cuban man:

  • smart but not too smart (bookish)
  • Volunteering time to work for state
  • Manual labor (strong)
  • Straight

Ideal revolutionary Cuban woman:

  • support men
  • Teachers

Why was gender so policed in Cuba?

  • form of indoctrination for a unified population for a stronger regime


  • forced labor
  • Scared of single moms
    • Believed that children would be too feminine without a father

For Monday:

  • Wiki: add to an article
  • HAP: Wiki sources
  • Carefully look over two primary sources
    • Cuban American National Foundation
    • Granma