- One of the things that I learned from this course was that the United States was more involved in the Latin American governments than I had imagined.
- Women were very involved in the various revolutions,
- Religion was a very important part of the revolutions. Religious beliefs were often the reason that people were supporting the people
- The progression of each Latin American revolution was heavily impacted by the religion, culture, and history of each specific country; although some were similar, no two were the same.
- Women had an active role in every revolution we studied, simultaneously suffering due to and taking advantage of the misogynistic nature of their countries’ societies.
- The United States was much more active in Latin American politics than the typical US high school curriculum would have one believe, undermining democratic socialist governments in favor of autocratic right-wing regimes, due to fear of the spread of communism.
- Many of Pinochet’s supporters were women.
- Liberation theology was integral to the Sandanista cause.
- Liberal and reformist governments, as in the case of Chile, in Latin America were often spread thin by being too conservative for leftists but too leftist for conservatives.
- Latin America is composed of several countries. Each has its own, unique culture and traditions.
- The United States was way more involved in Latin American affairs than I thought it was.
- Revolutions in general. What causes them and the reasons why they’re successful and why they fail
- While all of the different Latin American countries are often grouped together in one clump, each country is incredibly diverse with very different histories, cultures, and government systems.
- The different roles the US played in interfering with many Latin American governments and revolutions and how that connected back to broader Cold War politics.
- The concept of Liberation Theology and how that separated Nicaragua from other revolutions as they were not strictly against religion as many other revolutions were and the Catholic Church played a pivotal role in the revolution.
- For me, it was very important to learn more about the Nicaraguan Revolution and the events that occurred within it, especially because my family is from Nicaragua and the Revolution is the reason why my family migrated to the U.S.
- It was important to learn about how all Latin American revolutions provide more context for the overall atmosphere of Latin America today and the problems the region faces.
- It was important for me, in general, to learn about all the revolutions we covered because it helped me understand why the revolutions happened and what happened during the revolutions.
My three biggest takeaways are:
-How involved the U.S. was in Latin American politics, and how it was tied to the broader context of the Cold War
-That Latin America is considered to be one of the most unequal regions of the world, which is reflected in the numerous uprisings that are going in the region
-Some of the tenets of Liberation Theology and how the role of the Church in revolutionary politics and movements in Nicaragua departs from its involvement in other Latin American countries
Today’s class started off with a couple of announcements. First, on Tuesday at 11am in Kauke Tower, PAT (Pi Alpha Theta) presents the History APEX Fellows. This will allow students to learn about paid opportunities for experiential learning using history skills. Second, Professor Holt wanted to congratulate the class on doing a great job on their Wikipedia articles. Also, your self-evaluation for participation is on Moodle and must be completed. There will be no class on Friday, so students should use this time to continue studying for the final exam. Lastly, the course evaluation is due Friday. If 90% or more are completed, Professor Holt will provide an extra point for everyone’s exams.
After the announcements, Professor Holt asked the class if they have any questions about the final exam. Some quality questions were asked by the students, while Professor Holt also provided the students with information regarding a question she received by email. The question was asked on how to approach the essay question(s). Professor Holt made it clear that you can be “contemporary” in your introduction and conclusion, but your body paragraphs should be specific and contain most of the work in the essay. After discussing the final exam, Alvaro presented us with “Latin America in the News.” His article was about the series of mass protests happening in Colombia. According to Alvaro’s article, the protests started because of the want and need for tax reforms under Ivan Duque’s “moderately conservative” government. After “L.A. in the News,” the class broke up into small groups to discuss the HAP for the day. The class concluded on Professor Holt discussing the HAP and its connection to the class.
There were four historical questions discussed in class. The first question discusses what “new social movements” are? Second, how does this help us understand political activism in Latin America? Third, how revolutionary are these movements and why? Lastly, how can historians evaluate their effectiveness?
The literary work for the day’s HAP was Becker’s “Twentieth Century Social Movements,” specifically chapter ten and eleven. The chapters discussed specific examples of new social movements that have existed since the beginning of the twentieth century. The book discusses social movements that have existed in Latin America throughout history and these chapters connect with the prior movements in some ways, but are unique and original in other ways.
Towards the end of class, we looked over graphs that show the gini coefficient of countries in Latin America. The graph is titled “Comparing Sub-Regional Progress Over Time” and it looks at the gini coefficient from 1993-2013.
The Graph We Looked at During Class:
KH posting for SL (technological difficulties)
- I learned the immense influence the U.S had/has on many Latin American countries. To understand the influence the U.S has now, it was beneficial to understand their influence in the past. A lot of their intervention in Latin America was in response to the Cold War. For example, the U.S backed Pinochet, a dictator who committed enormous amounts of human right violations, because Allende was a socialist and the U.S wanted to eliminate the spread of communism.
- I learned that in order to understand what is happening in Latin American countries you should be aware of their pasts, for example understand Chile’s history helps understand the protests happening today because of income inequality.
- The fight for human rights continues. I think it’s easy to get stuck focusing on all the violence occurring in many Latin American countries but we must not let it deter us from finding solutions, especially with our now learned historian skills and knowlege.
Phi Alpha Theta invites you to the History APEX Fellowship Info Session on Tuesday, December 3 at 11am in the Kauke Tower!
Come hear from 2019 History APEX Fellows! Learn about great opportunities in History and how you can apply for an APEX Fellowship.
Featuring 2019 APEX Fellows:
- Emily Beuter ’20: National First Ladies’ Library
- Ingrid Buckley ’20: Southeast Ohio History Center
- Georgina Tierney ’22: Maine Historical Society
We hope to see you there!