Three Things That I Learned

  1. One of the things that I learned from this course was that the United States was more involved in the Latin American governments than I had imagined. 
  2. Women were very involved in the various revolutions, 
  3. Religion was a very important part of the revolutions. Religious beliefs were often the reason that people were supporting the people

Peer Review Reflection

Overall, the changes that I plan to make were agreed with. There were points made about some possible biased sources that I will continue to look into to avoid the use of such sources. After receiving this feedback, I have decided to entirely revamp the “History” section of the article. Currently, it is not history, and is all direct quotes. I plan on paraphrasing these quotes, and moving this section to a new section that is all about the actual goals of the Brazil Without Homophobia project. I also plan on linking more related articles in the text of my article, making sure that this article is no longer an “orphan.” The feedback that I received will help me to make my article more concise, give more information, and be formatted in a more clear way. 

Class Notes-10/4

Alex presented today’s Latin America in the News about the state of emergency declared in Ecuador. The state of emergency was declared by the Ecuadorian president after strikes arose in response to the president ending the 40 year fuel subsidy. The main groups partaking in these protests are bus and taxi drivers, unions, students, and indiginous peoples. After Alex’s presentation, Professor Holt discussed the goal of the wikipedia project, which is to improve the quality of the articles while still remaining accessible. She then went over the work that we will be doing when we come back from fall break about the Chilean Revolution. She showed us the list of people who have not signed up for an article yet, and reminded us to sign up if we have not. We then started our Wikipedia work day, and she reminded us that after break we will contribute to the talk page of our article.

This is the editing policy on Wikipedia, which details what the proper methods of editing the articles is. It includes information such as adding information, fixing information, and using the talk page to collaborate with others who may want to edit that page as well. There are also links towards the end of this article that discuss how not to edit Wikipedia articles.

This article summarizes how to write biographies for women. It discusses how you should find information, use your own words, and use citations. 

This link is a tutorial for those wanting to translate articles. 

Brasil Sem Homophobia

This represents Latin American History because there is a definite history of LGBT people being discriminated against in Brazil. There is a slight bias against Conservative Brazil.There is nothing on the talk page, except for the statement of this page as a part of the WikiProject Brazil, and that it has been looked at by members of WikiProject Articles for creation.There is one reference, and it is the actual initiative that was launched, and is in Portuguese. There are many external links, however many of these are also in Portuguese and cannot be read by non-speakers. The first thing that can be done to improve this article is pulling from more sources.  Currently, there is only one source. Another thing that can be done to edit and improve this article is to take out the direct quotes that are used, and replace them with original, paraphrased information. There is also room for much more information, and I can add relevant pictures. 

Vilma Espin Wikipedia Article

For the most part, the article only dealt with information that was about Vilma Espin and her involvement in the revolution. There were some parts of the article, particularly during the “Role in the Cuban Revolution” section that discussed her relationship with the Castro brothers. 

The article remains neutral for almost the entire time. There are some issues regarding her relation with the CIA, General Kirkpatrick, and how she convinced him that there were no communistic beliefs amongst the revolutionaries. 

Due to the fact that this is an article about one person, there did not appear to be any specific viewpoints that were either under-represented or not represented at all. 

The linked citations did work, and they all were from reputable sources. Some of them were only around a year old, and some were closer to ten years old, however upon closer inspection they all seemed reputable despite the age of the sources.

There are only three references for the entire article, and they are all books. One of the references was in Spanish, and so I could not check the reliability of that specific one. The other two books that were referenced were written by reputable authors, and appeared to be relatively unbiased sources.

Some of the sources were close to ten years old, however none of the information in the article appeared to be out of date. The last edit made on this page was in July of 2019. 

The talk page of this article discussed the use of Vilma Espin’s full name, and discussed other pages that also use the full name of the people that they are talking about. They also talked about the “nasty things” that she did. Most of the discussion of the negative things that she did was speculation, based on rumors and gossip. 

This did not appear to be a part of any WikiProject. 

In class, we did not discuss Vilma Espin, so it is unclear as to how this article would differ from any class discussion that we had or would have.

Link to the article

LA in the News: Child Sacrifice in Peru

Just north of Lima, Peru, around 140 bodies of children between the ages of five and 14 were discovered. Next to many of the children were around 200 llamas. The site of this archeological discovery is called “Huanchaquito-Las Llamas.” Stretching around 7,500 square feet, this site dates to about 1450 A.D., where the Chimú people lived, before the Inca nation invaded. 

Above: One of the bodies found in Peru.

According to John Verano, an anthropologist at Tulane University, the site was a sacrifice in order to stop the rains, flooding, and mudflows that were being caused by the El Niño storm. In 2011, the leader of the study, Dr. Gabriel Prieto was approached by a man who told him that his children and the dogs in the area had been digging up bones. Prieto went to look at the site and assumed it to be a forgotten group cemetary, however he placed a call to Katya Valladares, who investigated the wounds on the bodies of the children. All of the children had the same cut on their sternum, which showed that the deaths of the children were not an accident. The bodies varied in appearance, and according to the article, “some bodies had been buried in cloth, some wore cotton headdresses, and others had red-cinnabar paint preserved on their skulls.” (St Fleur 2019).The sacrifice was not gender specific, as some of the bodies were identified as females, and others as males. Because of the storm, there was a thick layer of mud surrounding the sand in which the bodies were encased.  It is believed that the weather “would have devastated the Chimú state, flooding crops, killing fish and sweeping people away.” (St Fleur 2019).

The information presented in these articles were strictly fact. The articles took the information, and provided a small historical background so that the readers were able to understand the situation better. The headlines of the articles directly tied into the stories and did not paint the Chimú people, or anybody who was involved in this archaeological discovery in a negative light. The portrayal of Peru, and of the indigenous people who live there, was very respectful.

“Mass Child Sacrifice Discovery May Be Largest in Peru.” BBC, August 28, 2019.

St Fleur, Nicholas. “Massacre of Children in Peru Might Have Been a Sacrifice to Stop Bad Weather Be.” The New York Times, March 6, 2019.